NSCAD gallery showcases students’ prints

First, second, and third-year students’ prints are on display (and for purchase) in the Seeds Gallery March 28 to April 15.

By Megan Marrelli-Dill

Robyn Touchie is NSCAD's student union president and is one of Ericka Walker's printmaking students (Megan Marrelli-Dill photo)

If you don’t know what a lithograph is, you’re not alone. But students at NSCAD  have been working on them all year. A lithograph is a method of printing.

First-second-and third-year students’ prints are on display, and for sale, in the Seeds Gallery March 28 to April 15.

The exhibit features a wide variety of prints; different sizes, methods and mediums.


“We were given sort of open, ‘produce-what-interests-you guidelines’” she explains. Her pieces are a self-portrait, a silhouette of hair and a print of an image with text overtop. All three of her pieces are lithograph prints. Touchie draws on a limestone, etches it with acid, rolls it with ink and then prints it.

“I think I have a tendency to be attracted to methods that are tedious and time consuming,” she explains.

Printmaking teacher Ericka Walker explains printing “could take anywhere from an hour to-month long printing sessions, where a master printer and an artist are working together for five days a week, eight hours a day, until they get the print that the artist says that’s what I want, that’s the one, addition that.”

But Touchie says putting together her pieces this year has gone smoothly. “There’s always ups and downs and you might get stuck but you always find your way through.”


NSCAD also has two other printmaking galleries open this month. The ACAD/NSCAD Printmaking Exchange Portfolio Exhibition and Hali-Graphika, a one day celebration of printmaking on March 31.

Robyn Touchie sits with her printmaking peers outside the Seeds Gallery (Megan Marrelli-Dill photo)

Federal budget turns N.S Finance Minister’s eyes to the shoreline

Nova Scotia Minister of Finance is concerned about the province’s marine-based economy following Thursday’s release of the federal budget.

By Nathaniel Basen

N.S Finance Minister Graham Steele is concerned for the province's marine-based economy (Nathaniel Basen photo)
N.S Finance Minister Graham Steele is concerned for the province's marine-based economy (Nathaniel Basen photo)

Nova Scotia Minister of Finance Graham Steele is concerned about the province’s marine-based economy following  Thursday’s release of the federal budget.

Specifically, his worries lie with the shipbuilding contract recently awarded to the Irving Shipyard, Halifax’s large naval presence, and Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO).

“Even something as simple as an across-the-board cut to the armed forces would have a disproportionate affect on Nova Scotia,” Steele says. “The armed forces are such an important part of our economy.”

The budget includes major cuts to the public service, although specific job losses are not outlined.

“We were working with a specific outline based on previous statements by the government, and the cuts were a little deeper than we expected,” he says.

The government had expected a cut to the federal civil service of around $4 billion, but, he says, “the final number is something like $5.6-5.8 (billion).”

These cuts have led to increased concern from the minister, despite federal assurance that Nova Scotia would be relatively spared. He worries about military cuts as part of public service reductions.

“Half or more of the people who draw a federal paycheque in Nova Scotia are in the armed forces,” he says.

Graham Steele discusses concern over shipbuilding contract in latest federal budget

Meanwhile, the province is starting to get antsy about the shipbuilding contract. The budget includes a seven year delay in capital spending on military vessels such as ships and planes.

“We would’ve preferred to have an explicit statement in the document saying ‘no impact on the national shipbuilding procurement strategy,'” says Steele.

He doesn’t believe that the contract will be affected.

The DFO, a large employer in Nova Scotia, will also see their budget cut by $79.3 million.

On a positive note, the Coast Guard’s funding has been increased.

“This is good news for Nova Scotia, as this is another institution with a long, strong history here in this province,” he says.

However, Mr. Steele believes that this is not in the operational budget, but instead for things such as shipbuilding.

Artists look forward to support from new Arts Board

Government has set aside $2.4 million to support local artists. The hope is that the Arts Nova Scotia Board will be able to develop a diverse relationship with the arts community in Nova Scotia.

By Hope Perez

Government has set aside $2.4 million to support local artists.

The hope is that the Arts Nova Scotia Board will be able to develop a diverse relationship with the arts community in Nova Scotia.

Arts Nova Scotia board meets for the first time in Halifax. (Hope Perez photo

Heritage Minister David Wilson says, “well without question, I think it is a great day for the arts sector in Nova Scotia.”

The purpose of the board is to support individual artists and art organizations in the province. The board provides money for individual artists, the Portia White award, and other awards.

The board was part of the Arts and Culture’s five-point plan released last year.
Members range from artists to administrators who offer a wealth of experience in the arts community and sit on several other boards.

“All members are very highly sensitized to what the issues are and have a good professional and personal networks to reconnect back with the community at several different levels,” says board member Mary Elizabeth Luka.

Luka is an arts consultant and documentary producer among other things.

Wilson says by working with the Nova Scotia Creative Leadership Council, the board hopes to “ensure that we as a government support arts and culture and the creative economy in the province.”


Minister David Wilson discusses artist involvement.

Student work showcased at local art gallery

The Art Gallery of Nova Scotia debuted a show titled De la boue et du vent- Our Stories, Our Land. It showcased artwork by sixteen children in Grade five from the École accadienne de Truro.

By Hope Perez

The Art Gallery of Nova Scotia debuted a show on March 22 titled, De la boue et du vent- Our Stories, Our Land. It showcased artwork by sixteen children in grade five from the École accadienne de Truro.

Students worked with Halifax artist François Gaudet to examine their relationship with their cultural and historical identities.

Student artwork at the Arts Gallery of Nova Scotia exhibit. (Arts Gallery of Nova Scotia photo)

They started by going on field trips to see Acadian historical sites in the area.

“In this particular project they had the opportunity to go explore and engage with their community,” said the show’s curator Kris Webster.

Gaudet’s own work was influential in the decision to combine painting and photography.

The show's curator Kris Webster. (Hope Perez photo)

“I am an artist with a strong connection to photography, so most of my work involves photography in one form or another,” says Gaudet.


Webster says, “Francois likes to work with children because it gives him energy and inspiration.”

The project gave students an opportunity to explore who they were individually and as a collective community.

“It went beyond just learning about an Acadian culture and heritage in their school setting through the curriculum. It was, what does it mean to be French in Truro. By that I mean, to see Acadian culture in Truro,” says Webster

Webster hopes to collaborate with other schools on similar projects and have a larger exhibition at Grand Pré. This show would showcase artwork from students in Truro and Clare, Nova Scotia, in combination with Gaudet’s own artwork.

The project was sponsored by two organizations, ArtSmarts NovaScotia and GénieArts Nouvelle-Écosse. Both organizations work to create art-based learning projects in schools across Nova Scotia.


Kris Webster discusses the exhibition.

Busting A Move for breast cancer prevention

They sweated their hearts out for six hours, but this time the end goal wasn’t to shed pounds. Hundreds of enthusiastic Haligonians, dressed in an array of colourful garb, danced and jived their way through an intense all-day workout Mar. 24 in support of the continued development of a Breast Health Centre at the IWK.

By Ian Froese

Hundreds of participants got active during the all-day fitness extravaganza. (Ian Froese photo)

They sweated their hearts out for six hours, but this time the end goal wasn’t to shed pounds.

Hundreds of enthusiastic Haligonians, dressed in an array of colourful garb, danced and jived their way through an intense all-day workout March 24 in support of the continued development of a Breast Health Centre at the IWK.

The event, known as the Bust a Move for Breast Health fundraiser, raised more than $500,000. A community partner added $100,000 to the amount, equalling a grand total of $601,471.

Bill Bean, CEO of the QEII Foundation, which helped organize the event, was on stage working out during the final fitness session. He was thrilled with how the day went.

“That new breast health centre will help save lives. So if you take healthy, positive people celebrating and helping to save lives at the same time, there’s nothing better.”

Each participant had to raise a minimum of $1,000 to participate, either as an individual or as a team.

For Stephanie Lee, involved with Diagnostic Imaging’s X-Racks team, the physical exhaustion of a day-long mixture of dancing, yoga and kickboxing was more than worth it.

“Your body’s getting a little sore, but the energy in here is so great that you just feel so positive,” she said.

Related audio
MP3 – Bust A Move Dudes
Team Bro member Peter Rumscheidt describes why he is involved with the breast cancer fundraiser, and afterwards fellow team member Gary Karasek explains his team’s success.

“It’s a great way to celebrate our health and our fitness, and raise money for a good cause.”

The crowd of participants were predominately women, but that didn’t stop some men from getting involved. Danny Oake works for the Canadian Forces Health Services and moonlighted during the workout as a member of the Breast Friends team.

“A lot of women are showing their support, and so am I. It’s a great cause, too, and, you know, there are some men that get breast cancer, right?”

A home-grown success story, the made-in-Halifax fundraiser celebrated its third birthday this year by expanding to four other Canadian cities as well (St. John’s, Montreal, Ottawa and Edmonton). Next year three more cities will begin busting moves of their own.

Some participants also got groovy on stage. (Ian Froese photo)

Organizers from those cities visited the Halifax event last year to see how the fundraiser works for themselves. They were impressed.

“We brought them over last year and said all the money you raised goes to your community,” said Bean. “They thought it was great.”

Bean is expecting great success from those events as well. He said Saturday that he’s excited to make a phone call to Edmonton where they were holding their own event on the same day.

“I can’t wait to call them and see how it went.”

Since 2008, the QEII Foundation and the IWK Foundation in Halifax has raised more than $3.4 million toward the Breast Health Centre.

Dalhousie arena to be demolished

The Dalhousie Memorial Arena will be torn down in April. The decision to tear the rink down instead of trying to fix it up was based on cost effectiveness.

The Dalhousie/Kings Figure Skating Club skating at the Memorial Arena for one of the last times. (Kelsey Power photo)

By Kelsey Power

The Dalhousie Memorial Arena will be torn down in April.

“We determined… the arena wasn’t going to be able to stay in its current configuration,” said Alex Walker, Dalhousie’s Director of Projects.

The decision to tear the rink down instead of trying to fix it up was based on cost effectiveness.

Ken Burt, Vice President of Administration of Dalhousie University said, “You can build an arena for as little as $7 to $8 million dollars. It would be $4 million to fix the roof and then you’d have to add changing rooms cause they don’t have changing rooms in the current arena. So that’s what bumps it up to $12 million dollars.”

“You can have a lot of money to have something old, or you can take it down and build something new that has all the proper sustainability features built into it,” said Burt. “We can do solar heating, we will have the opportunity to take the heat that’s generated out of the ice manufacturing process and use it to heat the other parts of the building.”

BurtKen Burt discusses why the current rink is coming down and future plans for a new rink.

The university’s varsity hockey programs, as well as its recreational figure skating, ringette, shinny student hockey, intramural hockey and broomball sports clubs will all be affected by the loss of a rink.

Shawn Fraser the Senior Manager of Programs for Dalhousie describes it as “short-term pain for a long-term gain.”

He said, “the interruption to the program and the access to the space for students is my biggest concern, I’ve been trying to bridge that gap but the fact that we’ll have a new and upgraded arena in not too many years is a significant plus.”

There has been talk that the Halifax Forum may take on many of the programs that are usually at the Memorial Arena. Fraser said, “it’s more of a concern around the availability of ice. We’re not able to take our entire operational program to the Forum, just because there isn’t enough time available.”

Spokesman for the university, Charles Crosby, says that they’ve been working hard to get their other programs relocated to different places.

The varsity hockey teams have secured their interim space. Men’s Hockey Head Coach Pete Belliveau said, “we’ve signed a contract with the Halifax Forum and we’re in the process of building ourselves a dressing room.” It’s likely the women’s team will practice at the Forum and play in the Metro Centre.

Coach Belliveau, although sad to see the old rink go, welcomes the idea of a new facility.

In terms of how long it will be until a new rink can be built, it appears this depends on which option is chosen. “Whether it be a partnership with SMU, that’s probably a longer term option, because we have to get the city on board, we’ve had some preliminary discussions with the city and there is some interest in the community for the two university’s coming together for a varsity arena concept which would neither be branded Dal or SMU, but would be branded varsity,” said Burt. “I think that if we were building on the Eliza Richie site south of South St., we could actually begin building that this year. It would be an 18-month process so we would begin in January and it would be ready for September of 2014.”

Dalhousie is in the middle of a $250 million dollar fundraising campaign. It has raised $200 million dollars in the past four years. A portion of this money would be spent to build a new arena.
Local figure skater MacKenzie Keillor expresses how she feels about the arena’s demolition

Local designer’s fashion show helps low-income women

Halifax designer Lisa Drader-Murphy raises awareness for an international charity.

By Megan Marrelli-Dill

Lisa Drader-Murphy owns the clothing store Turbine, located on Lower Water St. (Megan Marrelli-Dill photo)

Halifax designer Lisa Drader-Murphy is raising awareness for an international charity. She’s putting on a fashion show at the Westin Nova Scotia Hotel on April 1, calling it the Tea Party.

Part of the proceeds will go toward Dress for Success, an organization that started in New York City in the 1990s. It gives professional outfits to women who are looking for a job, but can’t afford office attire.

“It’s about empowering women,” says Drader-Murphy. “We’ve supported a lot of charities that take women out of harmful situations. But this is the next step, getting their feet back on the ground, caring for their children. I think that’s really important.”

Brenda Saunders-Todd is the board president of Dress for Success and is also the chair of the fashion show. She says, “[Drader-Murphy] donates all of her time; she provides everything that’s required. We used to do a fashion show anyways for awareness, but when we realized this opportunity to partner, it only made sense. What she’s giving back to this organization is more than I can say, we’re so grateful.“

Along with dressing people up, Dress for Success also has a Professional Women’s Group and a Career Centre.

“Expect to see lots of color, we have some beautiful, colorful silks and pastels, lots of knits and some new handbags as well. I’m loving the tote this season, it’s practical but luxurious,” says Lisa Drader-Murphy.

But it’s best known for its “interview suitings.” Women get lined up with job interviews through groups like Women’s Employment Outreach. Then, they come in to Dress for Success for an interview suiting. They get pantyhose, shoes, jewelry, a briefcase, an overcoat , all free of charge.

Women can come in for a second outfit once they get a job.

“People in the community donate the clothing,” says Saunders-Todd, “We have some very generous business people, law firms in downtown Halifax. But primarily it’s women who are looking to clean out their closets.”

Saunders-Todd expects to see 500 women at the Tea Party this year. “Everybody from the corporate world, entrepreneurs, retired women, mothers, students,” she says.

The fashion show will also have a silent auction, psychic readings and a marketplace where entrepreneurs can showcase their businesses.

“That’s why women absolutely love the event,” says Saunders-Todd. “There’s so much to it.”

Tickets to the Tea Party are $50.

Related Link:  

Lisa Drader-Murphy’s Turbine Fund, est. 2003

“The mandate is to empower women through education and support. For example we’ve been able to donate a total of $115,000 to women’s charities,” she says.

Halifax police first to test electronic tickets

Halifax Regional Police became the first force in Nova Scotia to make the switch to a new system of electronic ticketing this week.

By Rose Behar

Drivers in Halifax may notice something different the next time they are ticketed for a traffic violation. That’s because the Halifax Regional Police has become the first force in Nova Scotia to switch to the new system of electronic ticketing.

Superintendent Bill Moore says the updated process, which is already in place in many other provinces, will make ticketing quicker and more efficient.

The change applies to all summary offence tickets, which include not only traffic-related offences, but also offences such as intoxication in a public place and breaking the noise by-law.

“What we had before was a carbon-copy triplicate form that had to be hand written,” says Moore, “not only did the process take longer, but there was a much higher chance of errors being made on the ticket.”

Under the new process, when an officer gives a ticket, he or she will take the driver’s license of the offender, swipe it through a card-reader, and then add in some information such as the specific offence. The machine will then automatically fill out the remaining fields, such as time and date. It will also automatically generate a court date 60 days in advance.

Once printed, digital copies are automatically sent to both the court and the police records.

“In the olden days,” says Moore, “filing that paperwork could have taken two to three weeks.”

But although the technological change is significant, Moore says the process of ticketing will stay primarily the same.

“It’s still up to the officer’s discretion. They decide if they lay a charge, and they can decide not to – all that is exactly the same. The only difference is how quick and easy it makes the process, for the officers, and for those getting a ticket.”


Halifax Curling Club attracts newcomers

Free curling lessons are inspiring both young and old to take up brooms and see what the trick is to throwing a 44-pound rock down the ice.

By Tari Wilson

Allison Hudson prepares to launch! (Tari Wilson Photo)
Allison Hudson is an instructor at the Halifax Curling Club. (Tari Wilson photo)

Free curling lessons are inspiring both young and old to take up brooms and see what the trick is to throwing a 44-pound rock down the ice.


“Before coming last week I’d watched it on TV, but that’s about it. So now I know somewhat how to make that happen,” says Brett Keeble after his second lesson.

Keeble was one of 35 people who were at the Sunday afternoon lesson on March 18.

Halifax Curling Club has been offering the lessons for three weeks and hopes to continue until the end of the season.

“We had a bit of a slow start our first couple weeks, but it’s picked up. We were absolutely packed today,” says Allison Hudson, one of the curling instructors.

Hudson says the curling club is tucked away by the grain elevators and people don’t realize it’s even there.

“It’s after they find out and get involved in the community here that they realize how awesome it is,” says Hudson.

Keeble says, “I was actually surprised at how fun it was. It always seemed like kind of a slow sport with not too much activity going on, but after last time I came I was tired and sore after.”

Lissa Lawrence, a Saint Mary’s University student, came to the curling lesson to see if she could pick up where she left off when she stopped curling five years ago. She says it became too expensive while she was going to university.

Related Links
The Halifax Curling Club
Facebook Page for the Curling Club’s trial event
Curling on CBC
A guide to curling lingo
NS Curl’s homepage

Spencer Stewart says, “There is a fair bit of cost associated with curling, once you get into it; brooms, curling shoes, membership dues. But really, it’s not a lot more than other sports when you get down to it.”

Stewart, a fourth-year Dalhousie architecture student, curls when he’s home in Maryland, but finds it difficult to find time while attending school. He didn’t attend the curling lesson, but says free clinics are a great way to introduce people to the sport.

“Curling is a wonderful social sport that you can do for a lifetime. The post-game drinking and hanging out with your opponents is half the fun,” says Stewart.

Curling instructor Andrew Komlodi, 20, has been curling since he was ten-years-old after his dad first taught him how to throw a rock, but he says anyone can begin curling.

“I think it’s important for people to learn how to play curling, it doesn’t matter what age you are or how good you are, the chance to get out and play and learn from someone who has had experience is valuable,” says Komlodi.


Support group forms for a nearly nameless illness

Local support group creates a new hope for those in the Halifax community.

Micki Burton following the fourth meeting of 2012 for those living with environmental illnesses
Micki Burton founder of a local support group for those with environmental sensitivities and illnesses (Tamara Freeman photo)

By: Tamara Freeman

Early last year, Micki Burton made a support group for people like her who suffer from environmental illness.

Some people can get sick by just being near the chemicals in pesticides and cleaners, even perfumes and body lotions.

For Burton and many others, there’s lots of things they can’t do or participate in.

Burton first began getting sick about 20 years ago, when there were no support groups to help people who faced the challenge of environmental illness.

“There has never really been a support group outside of belonging to the environmental health center in Fall River,” says Burton.

There are a couple different terms for environmental illness: one is known as Multiple Chemical Sensitivity (MCS). Burton says, “they all really mean the same thing, one is just more explained than the other.”

It’s difficult for doctors who aren’t well informed about environmental illnesses to help patients that show signs of it.

Burton acknowledges that they are unaware and sympathizes, remarking, “it is very difficult, very difficult.”

This is a problem, especially for those sensitive to the settings and environment of the hospital.

For Burton, Halifax has proven to be a place that is most environmentally friendly.

“There is still a long way to go for more signage when people use pesticides, things can always be improved but we’re getting there slowly,” remarks Burton.

Related Resources
Pesticide Free Nova Scotia 

Policy on Environmental Sensitivities

Medical Perspective on Environmental Sensitivities

Legal perspective on Environmental Sensitivities

Nova Scotia Environmental Health Centre


“In the environmental community, a lot of people are very intimidated to go out into the world or to take on any responsibilities outside of their own little world. They’re very fearful of getting ill from other people and a lot of them have become very quiet and withdrawn because of that fear,” explains Burton.

“I do like helping people, I think that we are our brothers keepers and that you should go out into the community and give back, ” says Burton.

Related audio

Micki Burton explains some of the hardships faced when having environmental sensitivities .

Stabbing at nightclub not as bad as you think: bouncer says

Bouncer says that the media sensationalized a stabbing at The Palace nightclub on March 4.

By Zeina Jreige

The top deck of the Halifax club. (Zeina Jreige photo)

The Palace Nightclub in downtown Halifax got some unwanted, and possibly unfair, press earlier this month. A 22-year-old man was found lying on the sidewalk having been stabbed in the stomach. Some people at the club that night feel the media sensationalized the story.

View larger map

A security guard, who wishes to remain anonymous, says, “there wasn’t really a fight, no. (The suspects) were high on drugs before they came into The Palace.”

The bouncer believes that reporters and readers exaggerated the situation.  The rumours made the incident seem worse than it was.

Bianca Garibaldi, a Dalhousie student who was there the night of the incident, agrees. She hadn’t heard of the fight until a friend posted the story by The Chronicle Herald on her Facebook wall the next morning. She thinks the article may have spread some misleading information.

Bianca Garibaldi stands outside of The Palace Nightclub, where the victim of the March 4th stabbing collapsed onto the sidewalk. (Zeina Jreige photo)

An ambulance was called, but the bouncer says this is usual protocol, “(We’ll call) an ambulance for anything at all. Any incident relating to any injury has to have an ambulance present. Even for a sprained ankle we’ll call (one), but it was just a little cut. Nothing too serious – it was like a scratch.”

He says the weapon used was a small pocket knife.

Related Audio
Bianca Garibaldi on the stabbing
Bianca Garibaldi talks about the stabbing at The Palace Nightclub

Garibaldi doesn’t think the stabbing affected the nightclub’s business.

“As far as I know, all my friends are still going. It would be expected to negatively affect attendance, but I don’t think it has.”

The security guard says, “nothing has changed in capacity. St. Patrick’s Day was very busy. Nothing like this has happened in 16 to 20 years,” which is why he thinks people responded the way they did.

All seems calm as cars pass by the scene. (Zeina Jreige photo)

The 19-year-old says the issue hasn’t swayed her outlook on the club, but that it makes her more cautious about her surroundings.

Garibaldi has recently heard concerns about going to larger bars or clubs. She believes the more people, the more potential there is for something like this to happen again.


Related Resources
The Palace Nightclub
False information spread
Local violence

Leslie wants Canadian innovation in climate crisis

Canada used to be an international leader for issues such as climate change. Megan Leslie says this started changing with a series of bad decisions starting with the withdrawal from the Kyoto protocol in 2011.

Veromi Arsiradam (left) Megan Leslie (centre) Nicole Heelan (right) talk after Megan's lecture on environmental issues and Canada's role. (Violet MacLeod photo)

By Violet MacLeod

Canada used to be an international leader for issues such as climate change.

What happened?

Megan Leslie says this started changing with a series of bad decisions starting with the withdrawal from the Kyoto protocol in 2011.

Leslie, NDP environment critic and MP for Halifax, lectured at Dalhousie University about environmental issues facing Canadians and the lack of innovative solutions being pursued by government. According to Leslie, “the single most important issue facing the world today is climate change.”

Canada could be a “green energy super power” and an international environmental force, but it has ceased to innovate, Leslie said. She in part attributed this to Dutch Disease. That happens when a nation discovers a natural resource that raises the value of that nation’s currency, making manufactured goods less competitive with other nations.

“We are stuck digging and chopping,” explained Leslie.

Leslie said Canada’s movement away from a climate conscious nation and its declining reputation for environmentally safe practices on the world stage can’t be solved by committing to one solution, but rather many solutions.

Related Audio
Megan Leslie 

Megan Leslie speaks about Canada’s role concerning the climate crisis.

“The solution isn’t one thing,” Leslie said. “It isn’t windmills, it isn’t energy efficiency, it isn’t packing your kids lunches in reusable size sandwich bags.”

Leslie gave her lecture in the greenest academic space on the Dalhousie campus, the Mona Campbell Building. Twenty-five people showed up.

Environmental studies student Annick Colbert went to the lecture because she was interested to hear Leslie speak about environmental issues, particularly the tar sands in Alberta. Colbert agreed with many of Leslie’s views.

“I think we really need to focus on renewable energy,” she said.

The lecture ended with a question period where audience members asked Leslie about her opinion on industries influencing the government’s environmental decisions as well as about the division of the NDP’s environmental values in contrast to the Conservatives.

Despite her concerns, Leslie was hopeful. She expressed her excitement about the possible innovations that Canada is exploring, such as the tidal power being harnessed and researched in the Bay of Fundy.